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(A) History (India and Kerala)
1)Ancient and Medieval Period :-
(i) Salient features and major landmarks of ancient and medieval
India (ii) Art, culture, literature and Architecutre (iii) Major
Dynasties, their administrative system, social, religious and
economic conditions prominent movements
2) Modern Period :-
(i) Modern Indian History (from the 18th century upto the present)
significant events, personalities and issues (ii) India – Struggle for
independence (iii) Social and religious reform movements in the 19th
and 20th century (iv) India after Independence, Post independent
consolidation and reorganisation (v) Independent India and her
3) Kerala History (from 18th century):-
(i) Pre-Independence socio-political movements. Formation of
Kerala State, Political parties, movements, Governments,
Landmark legislations and policies.
(B) History of the World (from mid 18th
(i) Industrial revolution (ii) World wars (iii) Redrawal of National
boundaries (iv) Colonialisation and decolonialisation,
(v) Globalisation (vi) Communism, Capitalism, Socialism – their
forms and effects in society.
(C) Cultural Heritage of Kerala:
1) Cultural Heritage of Kerala Art Forms, literature, sculpture,
architecture, salient features of society 2) Kerala Tribal culture,
Pilgrimage, Tourist places, Folk Culture, Cinema, Theatre
3) History and evolution of Malayalam language and literature.
(A) Indian Constitution, Public Administration, Political System,
Governance, Social Justice and International Relations
1) Indian Constitution and its salient features 2) Functions and
Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Parliament and State
Legislatures – structure, function, power and privilages. Issues and
challenges pertaining to Federal Structure – Devolution of Power and
Finances upto local levels and challenges therein 3) Constitutional
Authorities – Powers, Functions and Responsibilities 4) Panchayati
Raj, Public Policy and Governance, Impact of L.P.G on Governance
5) Statutory, Regulatory and Quasi judicial bodies 6) Rights Issues
(Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights, etc.),
Important Acts 7) India’s Foreign Policy, International Organisations,
International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate
8) Judiciary in India – Structure and functions, important provisions
relating to Emergency and Constitutional amendments, Judicial review,
Public Interest Litigation, Land Revenue Laws 9) Fundamental rights,
fundamental duties and Directive Principles 10) Principles of
(B) Science and Technology
1) Science and Technology: Nature and scope of Science and
Technology, Relevance of S&T, National policy on S&T and
innovations, Basics of everyday science, Human body, Public Health
and Community Medicine, Food and Nutrition, Health Care.
Institutes and Organization in India promoting integration of S&T
and Innovation, their activities and contributions, Contribution of
Prominent Indian Scientists.
2) ICT : Nature and Scope of ICT, ICT in day today life, ICT and
industry, ICT and Governance – various Government schemes
promoting use of ICT, e-Governance Programmes and Services,
Netiquettes, Cyber Security concerns – National Cyber Crime Policy.
MIS. Artificial Intelligence – benefits and impacts, Robotics.
3) Technology in Space and Defence: Evolution of Indian Space
Programme, ISRO – it’s activities and achievements, various Satellite
Programmes – DRDO-vision, mission and activities.
4) Energy requirement and efficiency: India’s existing energy needs
and deficit, India’s energy resources and dependence, Renewable and
Non-renewable energy resources,Energy Policy of India –
Govt.Policies and Programmes, Energy Security and Nuclear Policy of
5) Environmental Science : Issues and concerns related to
environment, its legal aspects, policies and treaties for the protection of
environment at the National and the International level, Environment
protection for sustainable development.
Biodiversity – its importance and concerns, Climate change,
International initiatives (Policies, Protocols) and India’s commitment,
Western Ghats, Features, Characteristics and issues.
Forest and wildlife – Legal framework for Forest and Wildlife
Conservation in India.
Environmental Hazards, Pollution, Carbon Emission, Global
Warming. National action plans on climate change and Disaster
Developments in Biotechnology, Green Technology and Nanotechnology.
(C) Current Issues in given topics
(A) Economy and Planning
1) Indian economy on the eve of independence. Indian economy in
post reform period – new economic reforms, NITI Aayog, National
Income and Per Capita Income, Sectoral Composition (Output and
Employment) – Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Development under
different policy regimes (including Five Year Plans) – Goals,
Constraints, Institutions and Policy framework.
2) Agriculture Sector, Land Reforms in India, Technological change in
Agriculture – Major Crops and Cropping patterns in various parts of
the Country, Irrigation, Pricing of agriculture inputs and outputs,
Agricultural Finance Policy and Marketing, Issues in Food Security
and Public Distribution System, Green Revolution, Policies for
sustainable agriculture and organic farming.
3) Industrial Policy, Public Sector enterprises and their performance,
Growth and pattern of industrialization, Small-scale sector,
Productivity in industrial sector, SEZ and industrialization, foreign
investment and competition policy, e-Commerce, Effects of
liberalisation on the economy.
4) Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Meaning and importance of
infrastructure – Water Supply and Sanitation- Energy and Power –
Science and Technology – Rural and Urban Infrastructure, Ports,
Roads, Airports, Railways, Telecommunication, Dams, Inland
Waterways. Social Impact Assessment.
5) Trends and Patterns in structure of population over time – Growth
rate, Gender Rural-Urban Migration, Literacy, Regional Structure and
trends of Poverty and Inequality, Unemployment – trends, Structure
and National Rural Employment policies. Indicators of development –
Physical Quality of Life Index, Human Development Index, Human
Poverty Index, Gender Development Index, National Happiness Index.
6) Indian Public Finance, Government Budgeting, Indian Tax System,
Public Expenditure, Public Debt, Deficit and Subsidies in the Indian
Economy. Centre-State financial relation. Recent fiscal and monetary
policy issues and their impact, structure of Indian Banking and
Non-Banking Financial Institutions and reforms, GST: Concept and
Implications. Stock exchange and share market.
7) Trend, Composition, Structure and direction of India’s Foreign
Trade. India’s Balance of payments situation in post reforms period.
8) Economy of Kerala State-an overview, Population, Major
agriculture, Industry, Service sector issues. Infrastructure and
resources, Major Developmental Projects, Programmes and Schemes.
Co-opeartive Sector. History and relevant policies in traditional
industries, IT Sector, Pravasi and Foreign remittance.
9) Kerala model development – (Land reforms, Social security,
devolution of Power, Decentralised Planning, Housing, Tourism,
Women Empowerment, Social Welfare Schemes, Disaster
Management. Role and Function of Kerala Planning Board,
Achievements of Kerala in Health and Education Sector: Policies,
Programmes, Initiatives and Impacts.
1) General Geography: Solar system, Motion of Earth, Concept of
time, Seasons, Internal structure of the Earth, Major Landforms and
their features. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition, elements and
factors of Climate, Airmasses and Fronts, atmospheric disturbances.
Oceans: Physical, Chemical and Biological characteristics,
Hydrological Disasters, Marine and Continental Resources 2) Physical,
Social, Economic Geography of World, India and Kerala
3) Geophysical phenomena like Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanoes,Cyclone,Flood,Landslides,